Electronic waste recycling management measures
how to manage to electronic waste recycling
1. Improve relevant laws and regulations.
The legislative work on the management of electronic waste recycling in China is still in its infancy. When formulating laws and regulations, it can draw lessons from the relevant regulations or directives of EU and the United States and other developed countries and regions that recycle electronic waste. For example, the “Extended Producer Responsibility” system has been widely used in various countries’ e-waste laws and can be used as the principle of e-waste legislation in China to clarify the responsibility of e-waste recycling and to promote the participation of producers and consumers in e-waste reduction. Quantification and resource utilization. Formulate policies to protect formal electronic waste recycling companies and eliminate manual workshop-style small-scale dismantling plants that have low levels of technology and cause serious pollution to the environment. Formulate industry technical standards, limit the use of toxic and hazardous materials in the production of electronic products, and encourage the production of green and environmentally friendly electronic products.
2. Establish a unified recycling system.
If toxic and hazardous substances in electronic waste cannot be scientifically recycled, it will cause serious environmental pollution and thus affect human health. According to foreign experience, it can be seen that the scale and industrialization of recycling of electronic waste is an effective way to reduce pollution. Through national policies and economic support, we have established electronic waste recycling centers at all levels in major and medium-sized cities nationwide with producers and sellers, and have formed a complete recycling and processing system that includes collection, storage, treatment and reuse. . Through market regulation, we will accelerate the industrialization and marketization of electronic waste disposal.
3. Improve the level of processing technology.
At present, China's e-waste processing technology is in a relatively primitive stage and has become a bottleneck in the development of e-waste recycling industry. We should promote the advanced experience of foreign countries, improve the existing technological level as soon as possible, and update the old processing equipment. This not only enables the processing capacity to meet the increasing amount of waste generated each year, but also ensures that there will be no secondary pollution to the environment.
4. Increase propaganda.
Through various means such as television, radio, and internet media, textbooks, promotional materials, and product brochures, we widely publicize the normal service life of ordinary electronic products, the possible impact of extended use, and the pollution of electronic wastes to the ecological environment and human health. The hazards, significance and procedures of recycling, improving people's awareness of prevention and environmental awareness, and consciously participating in and supervising the recycling of electronic waste.